Strategic human resource management (strategic HRM) provides a framework linking people management and development practices to long-term business goals and outcomes. It focuses on longer-term resourcing issues and other HR strategies, such as reward or performance, determining how they are integrated into the overall business strategy.

This factsheet looks at how thinking on strategic HRM has developed and describes strategic HRM in relation to business strategy, human capital management and business performance.

Explore our viewpoint on productivity and people management in more detail, along with actions for government and recommendations for employers.

This factsheet was last updated by Rebecca Peters: Research Adviser, CIPD

Rebecca leads on several research projects including the People Profession Survey which provides a snapshot of the current HR landscape on an international scale. Rebecca regularly presents her research at conferences and business events and is passionate about bridging the gap between research and practice. 

Related content

Podcasts
Ireland Podcasts

Listen to episodes from our CIPD Ireland Podcast Series on a range of topical workplace, HR and L&D issues

Bitesize research
How to start using AI as an HRM assistant

An exploration of how generative AI tools like ChatGPT can be used effectively to support human resource management

For Members
Bitesize research
Key elements of day-to-day HR practice

Researchers investigate the daily obstacles faced by HR practitioners when trying to work proactively rather than reactively

For Members
Factsheets
HR shared services

Understand the principles of shared services, how they work, and the benefits they can bring to an organisation

Explore our other factsheets

Factsheets
Workplace pensions

Learn about the UK law surrounding workplace pensions and how to choose new schemes or review existing pension arrangements

Factsheets
Flexible working practices

Explores the benefits of flexible working, the types of arrangements commonly used and gives practical tips on implementing flexible working practices

Factsheets
SWOT analysis

Learn about the SWOT framework, the process of a SWOT analysis, and its advantages and disadvantages

Factsheets
PESTLE analysis

Discover what PESTLE means, how it influences your organisation, plus a downloadable template

Factsheets