Religion and belief discrimination is illegal in the UK and is listed as a protected characteristic in the Equality Act 2010. It arises when someone is unfairly disadvantaged for reasons related to their religion or their beliefs. Protection is given to those with any religion, or any religious or philosophical beliefs as well as those without a religion or belief. There is no definitive list of religions or beliefs.
This factsheet offers an overview of the different types of discrimination with specific examples of how they apply to religious and belief discrimination. It suggests good employment practices to ensure everyone has fair access and opportunity to progress in work, regardless of their religion or beliefs.
Explore our viewpoint on religion and belief in more detail, along with actions for government and recommendations for employers.
This factsheet was last updated by Dr Jill Miller: Senior Diversity and Inclusion Adviser, CIPD
Jill’s role is a combination of rigorous research and active engagement with policy makers, academics and HR professionals to inform projects and shape thinking on key inclusion and diversity issues. She frequently presents on people management issues, leads discussions and workshops and is invited to write for trade press as well as offer comment to national journalists.
Tackling barriers to work today whilst creating inclusive workplaces of tomorrow.
Discover our practice guidance and recommendations to tackle bullying and harassment in the workplace.
Explore the CIPD’s point of view on race inclusion in the workplace, including recommendations for employers
Explore the CIPD’s point of view on religion and belief, including actions for Government and recommendations for employers
Explore our resources to gain informative insights into discrimination in the workplace.
Explore the main issues employers face when dealing with race discrimination in the workplace
Introduces the basics of reward, which includes pay and benefits, and outlines the UK legal position
Discover what PESTLE means, how it influences your organisation, plus a downloadable template
Learn how to measure turnover and retention, and understand why people leave organisations
Understand how to support your business and workforce through this global health emergency