Essential points

  • Employee relations describe an organisation’s relationship, whether at a collective or individual level, with those who work for it.
  • At a collective level, an organisation may inform and consult with its workforce through a forum made up of employee representatives, and/or with a trade union representing its employees through a collective bargaining arrangement.
  • Collective bargaining may take place through a voluntary agreement or may be imposed on an employer if a trade union succeeds using a formal union recognition process.
  • If bargaining arrangements break down, and a dispute arises, a trade union may take industrial action, including a strike.
  • If a strike is ‘lawful’, those taking part are protected from unfair dismissal.

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‚ÄčPlease note: While every care has been taken in compiling this content, CIPD cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions. These notes are not intended to be a substitute for specific legal advice. 

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