Sexual orientation discrimination and gender reassignment discrimination are both illegal in the UK. They are listed as protected characteristics in the Equality Act 2010. They arise when someone is unfairly disadvantaged for reasons related to their sexual orientation or because of being transgender.

This factsheet offers an overview of the different types of discrimination with examples of how they apply to sexual orientation and gender reassignment. It highlights the need for employers to take action and suggests good employment practices to ensure everyone has fair access and opportunity to progress in work, regardless of sexual orientation, gender identity or gender expression.

Explore our viewpoint on sexual orientation, gender identity and reassignment in more detail, along with actions for government and recommendations for employers.

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