Essential points

  • Employers have a duty to protect the health, safety and welfare of their employees and other people who might be affected by their work activities and must do whatever is reasonably practical to achieve this. 
  • Employees also have responsibility for their own health, safety and wellbeing. 
  • Organisations must carry out a risk assessment to identify potential hazards at work and control risks to prevent an injury, including carrying out an assessment of work-related stress.  
  • Organisations should be alert to signs of stress in their workforce, such as high turnover, increased sickness absence and decreased performance, and take action to prevent it. 
  • A holistic wellbeing approach would include looking at employees’ physical and mental health, the working environment, work demands, line manager effectiveness, and the organisation’s values, and opportunities for personal growth within it.

CIPD member content

This content is only available for CIPD members


‚ÄčPlease note: While every care has been taken in compiling this content, CIPD cannot be held responsible for any errors or omissions. These notes are not intended to be a substitute for specific legal advice. 

Related content on wellbeing

Bitesize research
The dark side of performance-driven work climates

How do performance-driven organisations impact on employee wellbeing?

For Members
Case studies
Fertility challenges, investigations and treatment: Thales case study

Read about the approach Thales developed to support employees undergoing fertility treatment

Employment law

Access more employment law resources

Employment law
Timetable of recent and forthcoming legislation: UK employment law

Keep up to date with the latest employment law developments and proposed future changes

Employment law
Race discrimination: UK employment law

Explore our collection of resources around legal issues surrounding race discrimination, including Q&As and relevant case law

Employment law
Statutory rates and compensation limits: UK employment law

A round up of the year's statutory rates, providing quick and easy access to information on compensation limits, family friendly payments, statutory sick pay, national minimum wage, disclosure and barring fees and National Insurance contribution thresholds

Employment law
Health and safety: UK employment law

Explore our collection of resources around legal issues surrounding health and safety at work, including employers' obligations