CIPD research has shown that just 28% of UK employers train all interviewers on legal obligations and objective interview practice. Less than a fifth make efforts to remove bias through testing the words of job adverts (18%) or checking that tests are valid, reliable and objective (17%).

Unfortunately, no one is immune to unconscious bias, so recruitment processes should be redesigned to reduce the influence of bias and discrimination, while getting the most suitable candidate for a role.

Employers aiming to be more inclusive should also embed inclusive practices in their recruitment process. Recruitment is about getting the most suitable candidate into a role and is crucial for organisations to deliver their goals. However, it is not always clear what makes a candidate ‘suitable’, and there is potential for bias to creep in when making these decisions. Recruitment can be a very subjective process, demanding that hiring managers make complex and high-stakes decisions, often in limited time. This all adds up to make it particularly susceptible to unconscious biases and there is strong evidence that marginalised groups face discrimination in recruitment contexts. We use the phrase ‘marginalised groups’ because it includes all forms of marginalisation by individuals, structures, and society. The term ‘underrepresented’ is not always accurate, since in some cases a marginalised group can be overrepresented but still disadvantaged, for example, women in nursing or education (where men are often in positions of leadership). ‘Marginalised’ captures the power differential, which applies to every context.

While many HR professionals would be shocked by evidence of discrimination, increasing awareness of the biases that affect recruitment is unfortunately not enough to reduce their impact. Instead, recruitment processes should be redesigned to reduce the influence of bias. Clear, objective, structured, and transparent processes are fairer for candidates, supporting more equal outcomes, and enabling employers to attract more diverse talent pools and to select the most suitable candidates for the role. Even small changes to processes can have a big effect on who applies and who is selected, as well as improving the candidate experience.

This guide contains practical, evidence-based actions, aligned with international standards for inclusion and diversity, which employers and hiring managers can implement to make the recruitment process more inclusive. We also include some case studies showing inclusive recruitment in practice, and provide some caution around common actions that may hinder inclusivity.

What is equality, diversity and inclusion (EDI)?

Role design and the job advert

Attracting diverse candidates

The next stage in recruitment is to attract a diverse group of applicants to apply, considering the channels used to publicise the job advert as well as the employer’s longer-term outreach efforts.

Application process

Selection Process

References

More on this topic

Webinar
CIPD Ireland – TUSLA: People are our strategy

Watch and learn what makes a great people team from the winner of the CIPD People Team of the Year award

CIPD Viewpoint
Religion and belief

Explore the CIPD’s point of view on religion and belief, including actions for Government and recommendations for employers

CIPD Viewpoint
Sexual orientation, gender identity and gender reassignment

Explore the CIPD’s point of view on sexual orientation, gender identity and gender reassignment, including recommendations for employers

Latest guides

Guide
People manager guide: How to tackle sexual harassment

Practical advice for managers on tackling sexual harassment in the workplace

Guide
Sexual harassment in the workplace: Guidance for people professionals

Practical advice on how to tackle sexual harassment in the workplace

For Members
Guide
Using and deploying skills effectively in the workplace

This guide offers advice on assessing skills, planning skills development and deploying and redeploying staff

For Members
Guide
People manager guide: Supporting employee resilience

Practical guidance on helping employees adapt and thrive when faced with workplace stress

For Members
All guides